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International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity

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Re-visiting the relationship between neighbourhood environment and BMI: an instrumental variables approach to correcting for residential selection bias

Background: A burgeoning literature links attributes of neighbourhoods’ built environments to residents’ physical activity, food and transportation choices, weight, and/or obesity risk. In cross-sectional studies, non-random residential selection impedes r ...

School nutritional capacity, resources and practices are associated with availability of food/beverage items in schools

Background: The school food environment is important to target as less healthful food and beverages are widely available at schools. This study examined whether the availability of specific food/beverage items was associated with a number of school environ ...

An examination of the mediating role of salt knowledge and beliefs on the relationship between socio-demographic factors and discretionary salt use: a cross-sectional study

Background: Discretionary salt use varies according to socio-demographic factors. However, it is unknown whether salt knowledge and beliefs mediate this relationship. This study examined the direct and indirect effect of socio-demographic factors on salt k ...

Maternal feeding practices predict weight gain and obesogenic eating behaviors in young children: a prospective study

Background: Maternal feeding practices have been proposed to play an important role in early child weight gain and obesogenic eating behaviors. However, to date longitudinal investigations in young children exploring these relationships have been lacking. ...

Moving beyond quantity of participation in process evaluation of an intervention to prevent excessive pregnancy weight gain

Background: Few lifestyle interventions have successfully prevented excessive gestational weight gain. Understanding the program processes through which successful interventions achieve outcomes is important for the design of effective programs. ...

Using wearable cameras to categorise type and context of accelerometer-identified episodes of physical activity

Background Accelerometers can identify certain physical activity behaviours, but not the context in which they take place. This study investigates the feasibility of wearable cameras to objectively categorise the behaviour type and context of participants& ...

Looking at the label and beyond: the effects of calorie labels, health consciousness, and demographics on caloric intake in restaurants

Background: Recent legislation has required calorie labels on restaurant menus as a means of improving Americans' health. Despite the growing research in this area, no consensus has been reached on the effectiveness of menu labels. This suggests the p ...

Chronic disease and sitting time in middle-aged Australian males: findings from the 45 and Up Study

Background: Compared to females, males experience a range of health inequities including higher rates of diabetes and cardiovascular disease. Although sitting time is emerging as a distinct risk factor for chronic disease, research on the association of si ...

The number and type of food retailers surrounding schools and their association with lunchtime eating behaviours in students

Background: The primary study objective was to examine whether the presence of food retailers surrounding schools was associated with students’ lunchtime eating behaviours. The secondary objective was to determine whether measures of the food retail enviro ...

Do interventions to promote walking in groups increase physical activity? A systematic literature review with meta-analysis

ObjectiveWalking groups are increasingly being set up but little is known about their efficacy in promoting physical activity. The present study aims to assess the efficacy of interventions to promote walking in groups to promoting physical activity within ...

Change in active travel and changes in recreational and total physical activity in adults: longitudinal findings from the iConnect study

Background: To better understand the health benefits of promoting active travel, it is important to understand the relationship between a change in active travel and changes in recreational and total physical activity. Methods: These analyses, carried out ...

What are the most effective techniques in changing obese individuals' physical activity self-efficacy and behaviour: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Increasing self-efficacy is generally considered to be an important mediator of the effects of physical activity interventions. A previous review identified which behaviour change techniques (BCTs) were associated with increases in self-efficacy and physic ...

Objectively measured light-intensity lifestyle activity and sedentary time are independently associated with metabolic syndrome: a cross-sectional study of Japanese adults

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Feasibility trial evaluation of a physical activity and screen-viewing course for parents of 6 to 8 year-old children: Teamplay

Background: Many children spend too much time screen-viewing (watching TV, surfing the internet and playing video games) and do not meet physical activity (PA) guidelines. Parents are important influences on children’s PA and screen-viewing (SV). There is ...

Qualitative developmental research among low income African American adults to inform a social marketing campaign for walking

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Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: a latent class analysis

Background: Neighborhood environment studies of physical activity (PA) have been mainly single-country focused. The International Prevalence Study (IPS) presented a rare opportunity to examine neighborhood features across countries. ...

Perceived environment and public open space use: a study with adults from Curitiba, Brazil

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the perceived environment and the use of public open spaces (POS). Methods: A cross-sectional study with household surveys was conducted in 1,461 adults from Curitiba, Brazil inte ...

Annual acknowledgement of manuscript reviewers

Contributing reviewersThe editors of International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity would like to thank all our reviewers who have contributed to the journal in Volume 9 (2012). ...

Does the perception of neighborhood built environmental attributes influence active transport in adolescents?

Background: Among Belgian adolescents active transport (AT) is a common physical activity (PA) behavior. Preliminary evidence suggests that AT can be an important opportunity for increasing adolescents’ daily PA levels. To inform interventions, predictors ...

Personal, behavioral and socio-environmental predictors of overweight incidence in young adults: 10-yr longitudinal findings

Background: The objective of this study was to identify 10-year longitudinal predictors of overweight incidence during the transition from adolescence to young adulthood. Methods: Data were from Project EAT (Eating and Activity in Teens and Young Adults). ...

Journal Room

Peer-reviewed research articles are not included in the Health Well's catalogues which principally focus on "grey literature". 

On this page you will find summaries of research articles published in Open Access Journals and drawn down by RSS feeds from those journals . These journals cover about a quarter of all peer-reviewed journal articles and so are not comprehensive. In addition, the Health Well's topic-managers supplement these summaries with research articles from topic-related online journals.

The journal articles accessible on the Health Well website have been compiled from various sources that are not controlled by the Institute of Public Health in Ireland (IPH). IPH is therefore not responsible for the content of external websites and the inclusion of a link to an external website from the Health Well should not be understood to be an endorsement of that website.

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