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Research and evaluation

Evidence from qualitative studies of youth about the impacts of tobacco control policy on young people in Europe: a systematic review.

Introduction A range of tobacco control policies endeavour to prevent smoking uptake in young people, yet relatively little is known about how such interventions impact young people's engagement with smoking. We reviewed existing qualitative evidence ...

Alcohol control policies and alcohol consumption: an international comparison of 167 countries.

BACKGROUND Alcohol control policy has a fundamental role in limiting negative health, economic and social harm caused by alcohol consumption. However, there is substantial international heterogeneity in country-level policy adoption, implementation and mo ...

National prevalence study. Do the findings from the Greentown study of children's involvement in criminal networks (2015) extend beyond Greentown? Interim report.

. Sean Redmond, Catherine Naughton This national prevalence survey aimed to identify whether the findings from the original study (2015), based on a single case study design, extends beyond Greentown. A survey method conducted with a national set of expert ...

Treatment for opioid use and outcomes in older adults: a systematic literature review.

. Anne Marie Carew, Catherine Comiskey. Research and Evaluation Report http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/28129 Public 1 January 2018 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1514902349 28129 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;SUBSTANCE MISUSE;RESEARCH ...

Exposure to substance use prevention messages among adolescents. Short report.

This issue of The CBHSQ Report examines adolescents' exposure to substance use prevention messages using US data from the 2002 to 2015 National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH). It also uses 2015 NSDUH data to examine exposure to prevention mess ...

Role of nurses in alcohol and drug treatment services.

. Royal College of Nursing, Association of Nurses in Substance Abuse, National Substance Misuse Non-Medical Prescribing Forum, Public Health England Drug treatment This resource is to assist commissioners and providers of specialist adult alcohol and drug ...

How do individuals develop alcohol use disorder after bariatric surgery? A grounded theory exploration.

BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is the most effective treatment for severe obesity. However, following Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) surgery, a small minority of patients develop new-onset alcohol use disorder (AUD), the aetiology of which is poorly under ...

Navigating the challenges of digital health innovation: considerations and solutions in developing online and smartphone-application-based interventions for mental health disorders

This article presents an analysis of challenges and considerations when developing digital mental health innovations. Recommendations include collaborative working between clinicians, researchers, industry and service users in order to successfully naviga ...

Shifting the optimal stiffness for cell migration

Cell migration, which is central to many biological processes including wound healing and cancer progression, is sensitive to environmental stiffness, and many cell types exhibit a stiffness optimum, at which migration is maximal. Here we present a cell m ...

Tracking the Evolution of Non-Small-Cell Lung Cancer

Among patients with nonâ?"small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), data on intratumor heterogeneity and cancer genome evolution have been limited to small retrospective cohorts. We wanted to prospectively investigate intratumor heterogeneity in relation to cl ...

A Class of Environmental and Endogenous Toxins Induces BRCA2 Haploinsufficiency and Genome Instability

Mutations truncating a single copy of the tumor suppressor, BRCA2, cause cancer susceptibility. In cells bearing such heterozygous mutations, we find that a cellular metabolite and ubiquitous environmental toxin, formaldehyde, stalls and destabilizes DNA ...

Dietary sugar intake increases liver tumor incidence in female mice

Overnutrition can promote liver cancer in mice and humans that have liver damage caused by alcohol, viruses, or carcinogens. However, the mechanism linking diet to increased liver tumorigenesis remains unclear in the context of whether tumorigenesis is se ...

Frequently asked questions: supervised injecting facilities.

. Health Service Executive, National Office for Social Inclusion. Research and Evaluation Report http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/27269 Public 1 May 2017 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1502453498 27269 No SUBSTANCE MISUSE ...

Cumulative risk of breast cancer screening outcomes according to the presence of previous benign breast disease and family history of breast cancer: supporting personalised screening

Background: Our aim was to assess the cumulative risk of false-positive screening results, screen-detected cancer, and interval breast cancer in mammography screening among women with and without a previous benign breast disease and a family history of br ...

Comparison of general obesity and measures of body fat distribution in older adults in relation to cancer risk: meta-analysis of individual participant data of seven prospective cohorts in Europe

We evaluated the associations of anthropometric indicators of general obesity (body mass index, BMI), an established risk factor of various cancer, and body fat distribution (waist circumference, WC; hip circumference, HC; and waist-to-hip ratio, WHR), wh ...

Irish General Practitioner (GP) perspectives toward decriminalisation, legalisation and cannabis for Therapeutic Purposes (CTP).

. Marie Claire Van Hout, Claire Collins, Ide Delargy, Des Crowley Illicit Drugs Research and Evaluation Report http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/27072 Public 1 January 2017 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1499853200 27072 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;SUBSTA ...

Experience of drug overdose at an urban addiction clinic in Ireland.

. T Barry, D Crowley, A Benton, E Barron, F O'Reilly Research and Evaluation Report http://www.drugsandalcohol.ie/26749 Public 1 January 2017 Article National Drugs Library No 4676 0 1509718093 26749 No ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION;SUBSTANCE MISUSE;HEALTH;DRUG ...

Results From Ireland North and South's 2016 Report Card on Physical Activity for Children and Youth

10.14655/11971-1065934 Harrington D.M. Murphy M. Carlin A. Coppinger T. Donnelly A. Dowd K.P. Teresa Keating T. Niamh Murphy N. Murtagh E. O’Brien W. Wood C., and Belton S. Sedentary, Sport, School, Transport, Play Background: Physical activity (PA) is a ...

An Investigation into the Partnership Process of Community Based Health Promotion for Men

Waterford Institute of Technology Partnership, Men's Health Working in partnership offers service providers an opportunity to support one another and to maximise their collective resources. Effective partnerships underpin effective interventions wher ...

Report on the State of Men's Health across 17 European Countries

European Men's Health Forum Men's Health, Health Inequity  This publication examines a broad range of men's health issues and health inequalities throughout 17 European countries. Request Full Article Health Inequalities Research and Evalua ...